Vietnam’s shift from a centrally planned to a market economy has transformed the country from one of the poorest in the world into a lower middle-income country. Vietnam now is one of the most dynamic emerging countries in East Asia region.
Is Vietnam a poor country?
Vietnam is now defined as a lower middle income country by the World Bank. Of the total Vietnamese population of 88 million people (2010), 13 million people still live in poverty and many others remain near poor. Poverty reduction is slowing down and inequality increasing with persistent deep pockets of poverty.
What type of economy is Vietnam?
Vietnam has a mixed economy in which there is limited private freedom, but the economy remains highly controlled by the government. Vietnam is a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).
What is middle income in Vietnam?
Vietnam’s middle class population – currently at 10% – is believed to be the fastest growing in Southeast Asia. The middle class earning USD 714 a month or more in Vietnam will double to 33 million people, about a third of the population, between 2014 and 2020, according to Boston Consulting Group.
What is considered high income in Vietnam?
By 2045, Vietnam aspires to be a high-income developed country. That year will mark the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. High-income economies have GNI per capita of $12,536 or more.
What’s the major religion in Vietnam?
There are 06 major religions in Viet Nam, namely Buddhism, Catholicism, Protestantism, Muslim, Caodaism and HoaHao Buddhism. Buddhism: Buddhism was introduced in Viet Nam in the early years A.D. From the 10th century to 15th century, Buddhism in Viet Nam witnessed rapid growth along with national independence.
What are the main jobs in Vietnam?
The top 5 currently highest paid jobs in Vietnam
- Finance/Investment. Finance and investment were the fields that have the highest salary according to the report of VietnamWorks 2019. …
- Banking. …
- Programmer and Information Technology Industry. …
- Construction engineer. …
Why Vietnam is a poor country?
The majority of the poor are farmers. In 1998 almost 80 percent of the poor worked in agriculture. The majority of the poor live in rural, isolated, mountainous or disaster prone areas, where physical infrastructure and public service are relatively undeveloped. The poor often lack production means and cultivated land.