Regardless of the causes, 80 percent of Indonesia’s 256 million people lived in areas where the annual average particulate pollution level exceeded the WHO guideline in 2016. This high air pollution is now undermining Indonesians’ health. In 1998, air pollution barely impacted the life expectancy of Indonesians.
How does pollution affect Indonesia?
Long term effects include lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory illness, and developing allergies. Air pollution is also associated with heart attacks and strokes.
How does pollution affect your life today?
Pollution may muddy landscapes, poison soils and waterways, or kill plants and animals. Humans are also regularly harmed by pollution. Long-term exposure to air pollution, for example, can lead to chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer and other diseases.
What are 4 effects of air pollution today?
Air pollution also increases the risk of respiratory infections, heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer, and more severely affects people who are already ill. Children, the elderly, and people in low-income neighborhoods experience disproportionate health effects from air pollution.
How does pollution affect Jakarta?
Jakarta Governor Anies Baswedan has said that air pollution is a significant health issue in the capital, causing more than 5 million illnesses a year. … “Experts have said that 5.5 million diseases in this city are caused by air pollution each year.
Is Indonesia a clean country?
Water supply and sanitation in Indonesia is characterized by poor levels of access and service quality. Almost 30 million people lack access to an improved water source and more than 70 million of the country’s 264 million population has no access to improved sanitation.
What are the problems in Indonesia?
Issues include large-scale deforestation (much of it illegal) and related wildfires causing heavy smog over parts of western Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore; over-exploitation of marine resources; and environmental problems associated with rapid urbanisation and economic development, including air pollution, traffic …
How is pollution affecting us?
People experience a wide range of health effects from being exposed to air pollution. … Long-term health effects from air pollution include heart disease, lung cancer, and respiratory diseases such as emphysema. Air pollution can also cause long-term damage to people’s nerves, brain, kidneys, liver, and other organs.
Does pollution reduce the life of human beings?
Globally, the AQLI reveals that particulate pollution reduces average life expectancy by 1.8 years, making it the greatest global threat to human health. By comparison, first-hand cigarette smoke leads to a reduction in global average life expectancy of about 1.6 years.