Jakarta. Low learning outcomes have been a scourge on Indonesia’s education system and may undermine the country’s future competitiveness, researchers warned. Indonesia allocates 20 percent of its annual state budget to education, spending more than $30 billion on schools, teachers and universities each year.
What’s wrong with Indonesian education?
Common quality problems include inadequate management structures, funding, facilities, and teaching materials, as well as lackluster research output. Poorly trained university instructors are another issue of concern. More than a third of Indonesian lecturers hold only a bachelor’s degree or less.
Is Indonesian education system good?
Indonesia has made great strides in terms of improving its education system during the Reformasi era of democratisation since 1998. … According to Unesco, Indonesia’s literacy rate is now high at around 95 percent. Its youth literacy rate is even more impressive at 99.67 percent.
Is education important in Indonesia?
Indonesia needs an education and training system that can enhance the well-being of its citizens, improve its human capital, and achieve its economic and development goals. Indonesia has made significant progress in education, including large improvements in enrolment and gender parity.
Is education free in Indonesia?
The Indonesian education system is the fourth largest in the world with more than 50 million students, 3 million teachers, 300,000 schools. Primary to high school level is compulsory. Primary and middle school is free, while in high school, there are small fees.
Does Indonesia have compulsory education?
Education is compulsory for the first nine years, six years in primary school and three years in junior secondary school. … There is also no path built into Indonesia’s education system to allow students to re-enter and pursue a different course of study.
Is English taught in Indonesian schools?
Formerly a Dutch colony, Indonesia gained independence in 1945. Afterward, the government replaced a Dutch language study with the English language, establishing it as a compulsory subject, beginning in elementary school. Today, most students study English as their primary second language.
How long is a school day in Indonesia?
The school week lasts five or six days, from Monday to Friday or Saturday, around 40 hours per week. The school day hours vary depending on the regions but generally start at around 07:00 and finish at around 13:00, with two breaks lasting fifteen minutes to half an hour each.
How can we improve education in Indonesia?
5 Ways to Improve Education in Indonesia
- Give High Priority to Early Education. …
- Improve Participation in Basic Education. …
- Create a Better System for the Allocation of Funds. …
- Develop a Better System of Vocational Training. …
- Increase Emphasis on Adult Education.
How much are school fees in Indonesia?
Each school in Indonesia charges a different rate, depending on its type, location, and ownership. Generally, primary school fees in Indonesia range from $30 to $40. Junior high school rates range from $60 to $80, while high school rates range from $190 to $400.