The British arrived in Singapore in January 1819 when Sir Stamford Raffles landed on the island, establishing it as a trading post for the British East India Company.
When did Singapore became a British colony?
Colony of Singapore
|Colony of Singapore (1946–1959) State of Singapore (1959–1963)|
|• 1959–1963||Lee Kuan Yew|
|Historical era||British Empire|
|• Dissolution of the Straits Settlements||1 April 1946|
|• Labuan transferred to North Borneo||15 July 1946|
What was Singapore called before 1965?
Singapore was known in the 13th to 14th century as Temasek, a name also recorded in Chinese sources as Dan Ma Xi, a country recorded as having two distinct settlements – Long Ya Men and Ban Zu. It changed its name to Singapura perhaps towards the end of 14th century.
Why did Britain Colonise Singapore?
During those times, the British were competing with the Dutch in their trade affairs and Sir Stamford Raffles identified the need for a port in the Southeastern part of Asia. Thus, they landed in Singapore, as it was the ideal destination for establishing a port.
What country owns Singapore?
Singapore became part of Malaysia on 16 September 1963 following a merger with Malaya, Sabah, and Sarawak. The merger was thought to benefit the economy by creating a common, free market, and to improve Singapore’s internal security. However, it was an uneasy union.
Who bought Singapore in 1819?
On 6 February 1819, Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdu’r Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor signed a treaty that gave the British East India Company (EIC) the right to set up a trading post in Singapore.
Who named Singapore?
However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.
Was Malaysia a British colony?
The British formally made Malaysia a colony in 1867. … By 1910 the pattern of British rule in the Malay lands was established. The Straits Settlements were a Crown Colony, ruled by a governor under the supervision of the Colonial Office in London.
Is Singapore part of China?
In 1867, the colonies in Southeast Asia were reorganised and Singapore came under the direct control of Britain as part of the Straits Settlements.
|Republic of Singapore show 3 other official names|
|Ethnic groups (2020)||75.9% Chinese 15.0% Malay 7.5% Indian 1.6% Others|
Why did Malaysia kick out Singapore?
The union was unstable due to distrust and ideological differences between the leaders of Singapore and of the federal government of Malaysia. … These culminated in the decision by Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman to expel Singapore from the Federation, and on 9 August 1965, Singapore became independent.
What was Singapore before 1819?
ABOUT “SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819”
The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.