In the 19th century, following three Anglo-Burmese Wars, Burma was colonized by Britain. On 1 April 1937, Burma became a separately administered colony of Great Britain and Ba Maw became the first Prime Minister and Premier of Burma.
Who did Myanmar gain independence from in 1948?
The Burmese Declaration of Independence (Burmese: လွတ်လပ်ရေးကြေညာစာတမ်း) was officially promulgated on 4 January 1948, as a result of the Burma Independence Act 1947, which brought to an end British rule in Burma (now known as Myanmar). The date is now celebrated as Independence Day, a national gazetted holiday.
Why did Myanmar separated from India?
Nonetheless, Burma was separated from the rest of India in 1937 with little opposition from Indian nationalist leaders agitating for independence from Britain, as they were concerned primarily with obtaining independence for the historical region of India itself.
Who ruled Burma after independence?
British rule in Burma lasted from 1885 to 1948, from the successive three Anglo-Burmese wars through the creation of Burma as a Province of British India to the establishment of an independently administered colony, and finally independence. The region under British control was known as British Burma.
Why did Burma change its name?
As for the country’s name, the commission decided to replace the English name “Burma” with “Myanmar”, for three reasons. First, Myanma is the official name of the country in the Burmese language, and the aim of the commission was to have English place names aligned with Burmese place names and pronunciation.
What was Burma called before the British?
After the Myanmar armed forces crushed a nationwide pro-democracy uprising in September 1988, the country’s official name (in English) was changed from its post-1974 form, the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, back to the Union of Burma, which had been adopted when Myanmar regained its independence from the …
Who is known as father of Myanmar?
Aung San is the founder of the Myanmar Armed Forces, and is considered the Father of the Nation of modern-day Myanmar.
How did Burma gain its independence?
In June 1945, Burmese soldiers fought with the British to expel Japanese invaders from Burma during World War II. … In January 1947, he signed an agreement with the British Prime Minister that granted Burma full independence within a year.
Was Bhutan ever a part of India?
Bhutan became a protectorate of British India after signing a treaty in 1910 allowing the British to “guide” its foreign affairs and defense.
Was Nepal ever a part of India?
No, Nepal was not part of India. Nepal has never been under the control of any other nation or colonial power.
Why did Bhutan separated India?
The land that was to become Bhutan House was ceded from Bhutan to British India in 1865 at the conclusion the Duar War and as a condition of the Treaty of Sinchula.