The Indonesian economy is highly dependent on garment exports — in 2019 the sector contributed 11 per cent to total manufacturing exports and 5 per cent to total exports. It employs 5.2 million workers — mostly medium skilled, low paid and female.
How many garment workers are there?
The global workforce is estimated to be 3.4 billion people. 430 million are thought to work in fashion and textile production. This means roughly one in eight workers at least is involved in the fashion and textile industry.
How much do garment workers get paid in Indonesia?
A person working in Fashion and Apparel in Indonesia typically earns around 10,000,000 IDR per month. Salaries range from 3,610,000 IDR (lowest average) to 21,700,000 IDR (highest average, actual maximum salary is higher). This is the average monthly salary including housing, transport, and other benefits.
Are sweatshops legal in Indonesia?
Indonesia: low wages in the textile and garment industry undermine workers’ rights. … The minimum wage is legally fixed and resolved at the district level, ranging from US $80 to US $200 per month. However, the minimum wage is not applied in many factories, which request exemption for financial reasons.
How much do garment workers get paid?
For example, while the United States offers one of the world’s highest minimum wages for garment workers (USD $1,160/month), that minimum wage level was only about 70% of the living wage (USD $1,660/month) 2018-2019. In comparison, garment workers in Indonesia earned a much lower nominal minimum wage of USD $181/month.
What is the minimum wage for over 25s?
The ‘national living wage’ is a rebrand of the National Minimum Wage, and is £8.72 per hour (as of April 2020) across the whole country. It is a statutory minimum and all employers have to pay it to employees over 25 years of age.
Why are wages so low in Indonesia?
Wages are so low in Indonesia because that keeps the unemployment rate low. This in turn prevents a whole raft of social problems caused by high unemployment.
How long do garment workers work?
Garment workers are often forced to work 14 to 16 hours a day, 7 days a week. During peak season, they may work until 2 or 3 am to meet the fashion brand’s deadline. Their basic wages are so low that they cannot refuse overtime – aside from the fact that many would be fired if they refused to work overtime.
Does the Ilgwu still exist?
International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU), former industrial union in the United States and Canada that represented workers in the women’s clothing industry. … When the CIO became the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1938, the ILGWU withdrew and two years later returned to the AFL.
How much do garment workers in Bangladesh earn?
With a legal minimum wage of $96 USD a month, garment workers in Bangladesh have been providing western people with their #OOTD. Only 14.8% of workers received full payment in April 2020 and many more of them risk being homeless.
What is a garment worker?
garment worker – a person who makes garments. garmentmaker, garment-worker. cloakmaker, furrier – someone whose occupation is making or repairing fur garments. dressmaker, needlewoman, seamstress, sempstress, modiste – someone who makes or mends dresses.