The geography of Indonesia is dominated by volcanoes that are formed due to subduction zones between the Eurasian plate and the Indo-Australian plate. … The latter group is in one volcanic arc together with the Philippine volcanoes. The most active volcano is Mount Merapi on Java.
Why is Indonesia likely to have more volcanic activities?
Indonesia frequently experiences earthquakes and volcanic eruptions because it lies near an intersection of shifting tectonic plates, including the Pacific plate, Eurasian plate, Australian plate and Philippine plate.
Where do volcanoes occur in Indonesia?
There are 147 volcanoes, and 76 of them are the active volcanoes and spread along the islands of Sumatra, Java, Celebes, and Lesser Sunda (Figure 1). This means Indonesia has a tremendous opportunity to face eruption disaster in next future. It can be said that Indonesia is the windows of volcanic world.
Which country has no volcano?
On our planet, there are many countries that do not have Volcanoes in their country. such countries which do not have volcanoes are Nigeria, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Djibouti, Somalia, Morocco, Tunisia, Liberia, Norway, Denmark, Wales, Finland, Sweden, and Australia.
Does Indonesia have volcanoes?
It can be said that Indonesia is a country having the most active volcanoes in the world. Indonesia has a great number of volcanoes in the world. There are 147 volcanoes, and 76 of them are the active volcanoes and spread along the islands of Sumatra, Java, Celebes, and Lesser Sunda (Figure 1).
What is the name of the deadly volcano in Indonesia?
– Krakatoa –
The island of Krakatoa is practically wiped off the map in 1883 by a volcanic explosion so powerful that it is heard some 4,500 kilometres (2,800 miles) away. About 36,000 people are killed in the eruption and the resulting tsunami, or tidal wave. A new volcano emerges in 1928 on the same site.
What is the effect of volcano?
Volcanoes spew hot, dangerous gases, ash, lava, and rock that are powerfully destructive. People have died from volcanic blasts. Volcanic eruptions can result in additional threats to health, such as floods, mudslides, power outages, drinking water contamination, and wildfires.
What is volcano and its causes and effects?
Below the Earth’s core there’s a red-hot liquid rock called magma. A volcano is a rupture on the Earth’s crust, which allows lava, ash, and gases to escape, when magma rises to the surface. … Volcanoes can change the weather. They can cause rain, thunder and lightning. They can also have long-term effects on the climate.