What did Sir Stamford Raffles do for Singapore?

Raffles instituted the administration of justice to ensure peace and order in the thriving settlement. He founded the Resident Court, appointed magistrates, and implemented trial by jury. In addition, he instituted the abolishment of activities such as public gambling, slavery and cock-fighting.

What did Stamford Raffles do in Singapore?

In 1819, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles signed a treaty with the Sultan of Johor, granting the British East India Company rights to set up a trading post in Singapore.

What did Thomas Stamford Raffles do?

Thomas Stamford Raffles (1781–1826) is remembered for two main achievements: the establishment of Singapore in 1819, and, in 1826, founding the Zoological Society of London (from which came London Zoo).

Why Stamford Raffles came to Singapore?

British trading ships were heavily taxed at Dutch ports, stifling British trade in the region. Raffles reasoned that the way to challenge the Dutch was to establish a new port in the region. … Raffles’ expedition arrived in Singapore on 29 January 1819 (although they landed on Saint John’s Island the previous day).

Who bought Singapore in 1819?

On 6 February 1819, Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdu’r Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor signed a treaty that gave the British East India Company (EIC) the right to set up a trading post in Singapore.

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Who named Singapore?

However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.

Why did the British chose Singapore as a trading port?

Due to Singapore’s central location in the region, British trading ships could stop at Singapore to conveniently trade, rest and replenish food and water. This allowed the British trading ships to carry more trading goods rather than supplies and thus generate more trade profit.

Which country was Raffles father from?

Born on July 6, 1781, off the coast of Jamaica on board a ship under the command of his father, Benjamin Raffles, Stamford Raffles became a clerk in the office of the East India Company in London at the age of 14. In 1805 he was sent to Penang to serve as assistant secretary.

What was Singapore before 1819?

ABOUT “SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819”

The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.

Why was Singapore once thought to be an impregnable fortress before being invaded by the Japanese?

A naval base was constructed in Sembawang and huge guns were emplaced in strategic locations along Singapore’s coastlines to fend off possible naval attacks which made people believe that Singapore had good defence and was a safe country. Hence, people thought that Singapore was an impregnable fortress.

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Did Sir Stamford Raffles have slaves?

During his lieutenant-governorship, Raffles placed some restrictions on the local slave trade in line with wider British policy across its Asian territories, although slavery remained widespread and Raffles himself was served by a large retinue of slaves at his official residences in Java.

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