Secondary education in Indonesia is split into Sekolah Menengah Pertama (junior high school), and Sekolah Menengah Atas (senior high school). Junior high is compulsory, and lasts three years. … Vocational schools are also available, with more of a focus on teaching practical skills.
What is secondary level education in Indonesia?
Secondary education starts with Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP), or Junior High School, for pupils who have reached the age of 12 or 13 before the start of the school year.
How long is secondary school in Indonesia?
Indonesia’s education system comprises four levels of education: primary (grades 1–6), junior secondary (grades 7–9), senior secondary (grades 10–12), and higher education.
Where does Indonesia rank in education?
The Indonesian education system is the fourth largest in the world with more than 50 million students, 3 million teachers, 300,000 schools.
Is high school same as secondary education?
Elementary education: Grade 1-6 (6 years). Secondary education: Junior High School (JHS): Grades 7-10 (4 years) & Senior High School (SHS): Grades 11-12 (2 years). … Some higher education institutions have a senior high school department (see also Reforms in the chapter Higher education).
What is wrong with Indonesia’s education system?
Another problem with education in Indonesia is the poor infrastructure, less developed program, low quality teachers. … One reason is the lack of increased teacher capacity and training that can improve teacher understanding of the teaching and learning process.
Why is Indonesia education so low?
Most analyses have attributed these problems to inadequate funding, human resource deficits, perverse incentive structures, and poor management. There is no doubt that these factors have mattered. But the country’s problems with education quality have been, at their root, a matter of politics and power.