What is the extent of Philippine territory for purposes of criminal law?

One of the general characteristics of criminal law is territoriality, which means that penal laws of the Philippines are enforceable only within its territory. [3] The Constitution provides that: This is the extent of the Philippine territory as far as the Revised Penal Code is concerned.

What are the characteristics of our criminal law in the Philippines?

GENERAL – criminal law is binding on all who live or sojourn in Philippine territory. TERRITORIAL – criminal laws undertake to punish crimes committed within Php territory. PROSPECTIVE – a penal law cannot make an act punishable in a manner which it was not punishable when committed.

What are the three main characteristics of Philippine criminal law?

There must be (1) an act or omission; (2) punishable by the Revised Penal Code; and (3) the act is performed or the omission incurred by means of dolo or culpa.

What is Article 315 of the Revised Penal Code?

The crime of Estafa or Swindling is punishable under Article 315 of the Revised Penal Code (“RPC”) and there are different forms of committing it. Estafa can be committed a) with unfaithfulness or abuse of confidence; b) by means of false pretenses or fraudulent acts; and c) through fraudulent means.

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What are the criminal cases in the Philippines?

Crime by type

  • Murder.
  • Organized crime.
  • Petty crime.
  • Rape.
  • Domestic violence.
  • Human trafficking.
  • Corruption and police misconduct.
  • Cities with the highest crime volume.

What is prospectivity principle?

THE PROSPECTIVITY PRINCIPLE IN GENERAL. The prospectivity principle holds that a new legal rule, generally. resulting from a court decision overruling a prior decision of the. court, should be applied only in future cases.

What are the stages of crime?

Stages of Crime

  • Intention.
  • Preparation.
  • Attempt.
  • Accomplishment.

What are the three measures of criminal liability?

From this point of view there are three elements in every crime to be taken into account. They are: The motive of the offence. The magnitude of the offence.

What are the three theories of criminal law?

A Theory of Criminal Law Theories

Three different kinds of theories of areas of law are also distinguished, distinguishing evaluative, explanatory, and descriptive theories.

What are the three elements of crime triangle?

The Crime Triangle identifies three factors that create a criminal offense. Desire of a criminal to commit a crime; Target of the criminal’s desire; and the Opportunity for the crime to be committed.

What is Republic Act 8484?

In the Philippines, Republic Act 8484 or the Access Devices Regulation Act of 1998 was enacted in 1998 to protect the rights and define the liabilities of parties in commercial transactions using access devices, by regulating the issuance and use of access devices which include any card, plate, code, account number, …

What is Article 315 and 318 Revised Penal Code?

A person who makes arrangements or provisions of any kind for the trafficking of women, or infants and young persons, is guilty of organization of traffic in persons, a Class 8 serious offence, punishable with a definite term of imprisonment of not less than 3 years and not more than 5 years. Art. 318.

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What is Article 315 Paragraph 2 a?

In estafa by means of deceit under Article 315(2)(a) of the Revised Penal Code, the element of deceit consisting of the false pretense or representation must be proven beyond reasonable doubt. Otherwise, criminal liability will not attach.

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