Who were the first Europeans to arrive in Indonesia in 1512?

Islam arrived in the 13th century, and Java and Sumatra became powerful sultanates, while other islands continued to follow Hindu, Buddhist and Animist traditions. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to settle in Indonesia in 1512, establishing trade posts for valuable spices such as nutmeg and cloves.

Who were the first settlers of Indonesia?

The first Europeans arrived in Indonesia in 1512, when Portuguese traders, led by Francisco Serrão, sought to monopolise the sources of nutmeg, cloves, and cubeb pepper in Maluku. Dutch and British traders followed. In 1602 the Dutch established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and became the dominant European power.

When did the Portuguese arrive in Indonesia?

The Portuguese arrived in Indonesia in 1511 looking for natural resources and to promote Christianity.

Was Indonesia a Hindu country?

Hinduism in Indonesia, as of the 2018 census, is practised by about 1.74% of the total population, and almost 87% of the population in Bali. Hinduism is one of the six official religions of Indonesia.

Official Census (2010)

Province Indonesia
Hindu 2010 4,012,116
% Hindu 2010 1.69%
% Hindu 2000 1.79%

Is Borneo a part of Indonesia?

Covering an area of roughly 287,000 square miles, Borneo is the third-largest island in the world. It is divided into four political regions: Kalimantan belongs to Indonesia; Sabah and Sarawak are part of Malaysia; a small remaining region comprises the sultanate of Brunei.

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Who colonized Japan?

Japan’s first encounter with Western colonialism was with Portugal in the mid-sixteenth century. The Portuguese brought Catholicism and the new technology of gun and gunpowder into Japan. The latter changed the way samurai rulers fought wars, and accelerated the process of national unification.

Why did the Dutch Takeover Indonesia?

The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.

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