The first Europeans to establish themselves in Indonesia were the Portuguese in 1512. Following disruption of Dutch access to spices, the first Dutch expedition set sail for the East Indies in 1595 to access spices directly from Asia. When it made a 400% profit on its return, other Dutch expeditions soon followed.
Why did the Dutch colonize Indonesia?
The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.
When did the Dutch Takeover Indonesia?
Europeans such as the Portuguese arrived in Indonesia from the 16th century seeking to monopolise the sources of valuable nutmeg, cloves, and cubeb pepper in Maluku. In 1602, the Dutch established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and became the dominant European power by 1610.
How long did the Dutch rule Indonesia?
Dutch rule from 1815 to c.
Before the 19th century, Indonesian societies had experienced considerable pressure from Europeans, but they had not been consumed by Western influences.
Did any Dutch stay in Indonesia?
Emigration from the Dutch East Indies (1945-1965) … Over a 15-year period after the Republic of Indonesia became an independent state, virtually the entire Dutch population, Indische Nederlanders (Dutch Indonesians), estimated at between 250,000 and 300,000, left the former Dutch East Indies.
What spices did the Dutch want from Indonesia?
The Dutch were drawn to Indonesia in the late 1500s by the promise of immense profits in the lucrative spice trade. Cloves, nutmeg and mace – found only on a few volcanic islands in Indonesia – were luxury items in Medieval Europe. They were highly valued for their exotic flavours and perceived medicinal properties.
Why did Dutch power decline in India?
The Dutch power decline in India following the Kew letters followed by the provisions of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty. Explanation: The first half of the eighteenth century saw an increase in Dutch business over India, however, the second half resulted in an opposite turn back and they lost their influence over the land.